Take the Trade Quiz!
1. Which developed country has been sued the most times under international trade agreements?
2. Which country has never lost a legal battle to a foreign investor when sued under a trade agreement investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) mechanism?
3. Which international trade agreement signed by Canada originally contained the words “climate change” that were later removed in the negotiation process?
4. Why is the American company Lone Pine Resources Inc. suing the Canadian government for $118.9 million (USD)?
5. Which US presidential Republican and Democratic candidates do not support ratifying the TPP?
6. What medical product is CEN Biotech suing Canada to provide after being rejected by Health Canada?
7. A Swedish company (Vattenfall) sued Germany under the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) to keep what running?
8. In 2002 Mel Hurtig wrote The Vanishing Country: Is it too late to save Canada? How many Canadian companies did he find had been taken over by foreigners since NAFTA’s ratification in 1987?
9. How many jobs is Canada projected to gain as a result of the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement?
10. Which Canadian company is suing the US government for $15 billion under NAFTA?
1. Canada. Canada has been sued 38 times under NAFTA (according to the Canadian government website), making it the most sued developed country in the world.
Sources: http://www.international.gc.ca/trade-agreements-accords-commerciaux/topics-domaines/disp-diff/gov.aspx?lang=eng http://www.commondreams.org/views/2015/10/23/naftas-isds-why-canada-one-most-sued-countries-world https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/nafta-chapter-11-investor-state-disputes-january-1-2015
2. United States. Under the 50 trade agreements signed by the US which include ISDS, there have been 17 cases against the US and none have succeeded.
3. Trans-Pacific Partnership.
4. The Quebec government revoked their license to explore shale gas deposits under the St. Lawrence River under its moratorium on fracking.
Sources: http://www.international.gc.ca/trade-agreements-accords-commerciaux/topics-domaines/disp-diff/lone.aspx?lang=eng http://canadians.org/blog/nafta-challenge-against-fracking-moratorium-fast-tracked
5. Hilary Clinton, Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump.
Sources: http://www.nationofchange.org/news/2016/03/25/thing-sanders-trump-clinton-agree-bad/ https://ballotpedia.org/2016_presidential_candidates_on_the_Trans-Pacific_Partnership_trade_deal#Ted_Cruz
6. Medical Marijuana
7. Nuclear power stations (when Germany decided to phase out nuclear energy).
8. Over 10,000.
Source: Hurtig, M. The Vanishing Country: Is it too late to save Canada? (2002)
9. None. There will be a net loss of 58,000 Canadian jobs according to a study by Tufts University Global Development and Environment Institute.
10. TransCanada. Following the rejection of Keystone XL by President Obama, the Canadian company has taken legal action under the NAFTA and also initiated Constitutional litigation against the U.S. Administration.
Score out of 10 ____!
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